Daftar Juara Umum Asian Games: Cina dan Jepang Kelewat Dominan

Doddy Wiratama

Editor: Doddy Wiratama

Cover Asian Games. (Dede Mauladi/Skor.id)
Asian Games. (Dede Mauladi/Skor.id)

SKOR.id - Setelah tertunda setahun karena efek pandemi Covid-19, Asian Games 2022 pada akhirnya bergulir di Hangzhou, Cina pada 19 September–8 Oktober 2023.

Asian Games 2022 sendiri merupakan edisi penyelenggaraan ke-19 dari pesta olahraga terbesar di Benua Kuning tersebut.

Dari 18 edisi yang sudah digelar sebelumnya, hanya ada dua negara yang tercatat pernah menyabet predikat juara umum. Mereka adalah Jepang dan Cina.

Dua negara Asia Timur tersebut mendominasi kompetisi Asian Games dalam dua era berbeda.

Jepang lebih dulu unjuk keperkasaan dengan menyabet predikat juara umum Asian Games sejak edisi perdana (1951) hingga kedelapan (1978).

Akan tetapi, dominasi Negeri Sakura perlahan luntur seiring dengan perkembangan olahraga Cina yang kondisi dalam negerinya berangsur stabil.

Kiprah Cina yang sebelumnya kurang mencolok mulai menggebrak dengan menduduki peringkat tiga dalam klasemen akhir raihan medali Asian Games 1974 di Tehran, Iran.

Empat tahun berselang, kontingen Negeri Tirai Bambu mempertajam pencapaiannya di Bangkok, Thailand dengan bertengger di peringkat dua tepat di bawah Jepang.

Dominasi Jepang selama delapan edisi perdana Asian Games pada akhirnya diputus Cina yang jadi juara umum Asian Games edisi kesembilan di New Delhi, India pada 1982.

Sejak saat itu, Cina seolah tak terbendung dan selalu mampu tampil sebagai juara umum pada sembilan edisi selanjutnya.

Pencapaian Jepang yang jadi juara umum dalam delapan edisi perdana Asian Games pun dilampaui Cina yang sudah 10 kali memuncaki klasemen raihan medali.

Jika menilik dari raihan total medali sepanjang 18 edisi Asian Games, Cina juga sudah mengungguli Jepang.

Hingga saat ini, Kontingen Cina tercatat sudah memenangi 3.187 medali dengan rincian 1.473 emas, 994 perak, dan 720 perunggu.

Sedangkan Jepang ada di peringkat kedua dengan raihan 3.054 medali dengan rincian 1.032 emas, 1.037 perak, dan 985 perunggu.

Cina dan Jepang jadi dua negara yang sudah mengoleksi lebih dari 3.000 medali dari Asian Games.

Pencapaian dua negara Asia Timur itu kemungkinan baru akan disusul Korea Selatan sebagai pesaing terdekat dalam beberapa edisi ke depan.

Pasalnya, Korea Selatan sebagai negara tersukses ketiga di Asian Games "baru" memenangi 2.235 medali dengan rincian 745 emas, 663 perak, dan 827 perunggu. 

Berikut daftar penyelenggaraan dan juara umum Asian Games:

NOTAHUNTUAN RUMAHJUARA UMUM
11951New Delhi, IndiaJepang
21954Manila, FilipinaJepang
31958Tokyo, JepangJepang
41962Jakarta, IndonesiaJepang
51966Bangkok, ThailandJepang
61970Bangkok, ThailandJepang
71974Tehran, IranJepang
81978Bangkok, ThailandJepang
91982New Delhi, IndiaCina
101986Seoul, Korea SelatanCina
111990Beijing, CinaCina
121994Hiroshima, JepangCina
131998Bangkok, ThailandCina
142002Busan, Korea SelatanCina
152006Doha, QatarCina
162010Guangzhou, CinaCina
172014Incheon, Korea SelatanCina
182018Jakarta dan Palembang, IndonesiaCina
192022Hangzhou, Cina???
Skor co creators network
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